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Improve your credit score

What does “Credit Score” mean? A measure of credit risk calculated from a credit report using a standardized formula. Factors that can damage a credit score include late payments, absence of credit references, and unfavorable credit card use. Lenders may use a credit score to determine whether to provide a loan and what rate to charge.

Do you know what your credit score is? You won’t know what you need to do to improve your credit score unless you first know what your credit score is. To find out, order a copy of your credit report. An amendment to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act requires each of the major nationwide consumer reporting companies to provide you with a free copy of your credit reports, at your request, once every 12 months.

To order your free annual report from one or all the national consumer reporting companies, visit , call toll-free 877-322-8228, or complete the Annual Credit Report Request Form and mail it to: Annual Credit Report Request Service, P.O. Box 105281, Atlanta, GA 30348-5281. You can print the form from Do not contact the three nationwide consumer reporting companies individually; they provide free annual credit reports only through , 877-322-8228, and Annual Credit Report Request Service, P.O. Box 105281, Atlanta, GA 30348-5281.

Under federal law, you’re also entitled to a free report if a company takes adverse action against you, such as denying your application for credit, insurance or employment, and you request your report within 60 days of receiving notice of the action. The notice will give you the name, address, and phone number of the consumer reporting company that supplied the information about you. You’re also entitled to one free report a year if you’re unemployed and plan to look for a job within 60 days; you’re on welfare; or your report is inaccurate because of fraud. Otherwise, a consumer reporting company may charge you up to $9.50 for any other copies of your report.

To buy a copy of your report, contact:

Equifax: 800-685-1111;

Experian: 888-EXPERIAN (888-397-3742);

TransUnion: 800-916-8800;

For more information about credit card debt, identity theft, raising your credit score, obtaining credit cards, and more you can also go to

Under state law, consumers in Colorado, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Vermont already have free access to their credit reports.

If you ask, only the last four digits of your Social Security number will appear on your credit reports.

What can I do to improve my Credit Score?

Pay your bills on time. This is the big number one! It’s always good to pay your bills on time and that keeps your credit score healthy. It is especially important that all of your recent bills have been paid on time if you intend to apply for new credit or a new loan. Recent late payments weigh against your credit score tremendously.

Don’t close or open credit card accounts near loan time. A good rule of thumb is do not open any credit accounts near a time when you will be applying for a loan. It can lower your credit score, especially if you do not have a proven track record. What’s more, a new account will lower the average age of your accounts, another factor in your FICO score. (FICO is an acronym for Fair Isaac Credit Organization) If you have several credit card accounts but are only using a few of them, you’ll raise your balance-to-limit ratio if you close the unused ones.

Pay off debt rather than moving debt to other places. The ratio of your credit card balance versus your credit limit is the key, so, closing out an account and transferring the balance someplace else simply means you increase that ratio, which is more than likely to lower your score.

Example: You owe a total of $1000 on four credit cards, each of which has a $1,000 limit. Your total credit limit is $4,000, of which your total balance ($1,000) accounts for 25 percent. If you transfer all your balances to two cards and cancel the other two, your total credit limit is reduced to $2,000, and your $1,000 balance now accounts for 50 percent of that limit.

Reduce your credit card balances. A heavily weighed factor in your FICO score is how much money you owe on your credit cards relative to your total credit limit. Generally, it’s good to keep your balances at or below 25 percent of your credit card limit, said Jeanne Kelly, founder of The Kelly Group in Brookfield, Conn., which helps clients improve their credit scores.

Examine your billing statements for errors. This is a commonly overlooked place to reduce debt. Companies do make mistakes. This includes examining all of your bills, not just your credit card bills. Jennifer Tarzian wrote more about this at You’d be surprised at how much money you recover due to correcting common billing mistakes.

Correct blatant mistakes in your credit report. Your credit score is only as good as what shows up in your credit report. Review your reports from all three credit bureaus for accuracy once a year as well as several months before applying for a loan. Changing a mistake on your report – such as a payment that is wrongly labeled as late — can take 30 days to three months, sometimes longer. The way to obtain your credit score and report is listed above in this article.

Healthy credit is important in today’s day and age. More information sharing between companies has been made easier due to new technology, so any blemishes on your credit will be known by all credit reporting agencies almost immediately. Keeping up with your credit score and taking steps to improve you credit score is essential, so take the time.